To begin with, ME is a state-centered process relating developing and implementing environmental laws, policies and regulations. Barrow (1999) synthesizes ME concepts from sass’s “green development” sources and concludes that ME is a decision-making process regulating the human Impacts on the environment In such a manner that the environment capacity to sustain human development will be unimpaired.
In this case, governments play a vital role in managing most of human activities to ensure hat their impacts on environment are at the acceptable level.
In every country, legislation, policies are developed by governments, for example, environment law, biodiversity law, directives, etc. However, in reality governments are not the ones involved in ME because ME is not only to ‘solve the environmental problems by simply adding a few new directives” (European Commission n. D). In a broader scope, ME demands multidisciplinary approach.
Thomas (2004 ) points that there are three main groups involving in ME including politics and management; science: and the public which ‘must work in partnership with involvement in planning, information assessment and exchange, and in ongoing management activities’.
Thanks to this co- ordination, these three groups achieve their individual purposes. For instance, an effective public policy in ME requires extensive use of scientific methods to assess a situation leading to an appropriate approach with the goal of long-term and sustainable benefit : through policies and public Information announced by authorities and scientists the community will improve their awareness of environmental problems to protect the environment more effectively.
Therefore, ME is an integrate force that can bring together “diverse stakeholders, specialists, level of administration, different sectors” . Moreover, the purpose of ME is to help achieve sustainable development. Giddings, Hoped & O’brien (2002 ) defines ME as a tool to keep balance between environmental protection and socio-economic development to ensure sustainability of all three aspects, including minimizing environmental damages and maximizing economical and social benefits.
Therefore, the core objective of ME is sustainable development that meet “the needs of present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs’ . For example, mining Industry brings many economic profits for countries that are endowed with this natural resource, but this activity causes significant Impacts on environment it is required to apply ME methods to ensure that its exploitation does not exceed nature’s assimilative capacity and maintain it for future generations. In conclusion, ME is currently evolving and spreading.
However, based on above analyses, ME can be defined as a multi-disciplinary (political, technological, ecological, social) process concerning environmental polices and practice with the ultimate goal of enhancing human life, mitigating negative impacts on the earth and its organism, maintaining development for future generations towards sustainable development.
- Barrow, C. 2006, Environmental management for sustainable development, Rutledge.
- Barrow, C. J. 1999, Environmental management: principles and practice, Psychology Press.